Type: Land


Definition: Land pollution, the deposition of solid or liquid waste materials on land or underground in a manner that can contaminate the soil and groundwater, threaten public health, and cause unsightly conditions and nuisances.


Pollutants that contribute to this type of pollution: Municipal Solid Waste, Construction and Demolition waste, and Hazardous Waste.




  • Municipal Solid Waste (MSW):
    • Trash from homes, institutions (such as schools), commercial establishments, and industrial facilities:
      • Compostable food wastes:
        • Meat scraps
        • Vegetable scraps
      • Paper
      • Glass
      • Textiles
      • Bulky waste materials:
        • Discarded mattresses
        • Appliances
        • Pieces of furniture
  • Construction and Demolition (C and D) waste or debris:
    • Produced when structures are built, renovated, or demolished:
      • Wood
      • Metal objects
      • Wallboard
      • Concrete rubble
      • Asphalt
  • Hazardous Waste:
    • Solids
    • Sludges
    • Waste made by:
      • Various chemical manufacturing companies
      • Petroleum refineries
      • Paper mills
      • Smelters
      • Machine shops
      • Dry cleaners
      • Automobile repair shops
    • Nuclear Waste Dumps
      • Examples: Chernobyl and Lake Karachay

More: https://www.britannica.com/science/land-pollution